ROMANS, Lesson 1go next. By all indications in the book of Acts he should have
gone onto Rome, but he instead went to Jerusalem. It was in Jerusalem that God arranged circumstances that eventually got
Paul to Rome but as a prisoner, under arrest, awaiting trial.
So while he is used of the Spirit to communicate great doctrines of grace, in his personal life and in his personal decisions
he makes choices that follow his plan rather than God's plan.
Principle: God is the one who is faithful and God honors His word even when it is found in weak vessels of clay.
TWO TITLES GIVEN TO THESE BELIEVERS
1. BELOVED: This title is found eight times in the synoptic Gospels and there applied only to the Lord Jesus Christ. It
shows the relationship of divine love between the Father and the Son. Not until after Pentecost and the start of the Church
is this title applied to believers in Christ.
"Beloved" is a term that describes the relationship of God's love for us and our love for one another. Paul was fond of
the term especially for those he had lead to the Lord. It speaks of and reminds us of our relationship to God, He loves us,
and to one another, we are to love one another in Spiritual love. So this title is relational.
2. SAINTS: Here we have a title that is positional. At the moment of salvation we are set apart unto God.
It was a very high and lofty term in the Greek cultic religions. It looks at separation, purity, cleanliness, consecration.
The term is so sacred that it can only be applied to the believer as his life is found in Christ.
Displaying the qualities of being a saint would be impossible for anyone outside of Christ. But we share this position
In the New Testament, all believers are called Saints with no regard to behavior. All are saints in Christ.
No individual in the New Testament is ever called a Saint; it is used only collectively for our position in Christ.
SUMMARY: The terms "beloved" and "saint" remind us of our relationship to God and one another and the basis for that relationship,
that we are in Christ.
The Formal Greeting:
"Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ."
The greeting of GRACE was common to the Gentiles. The greeting of PEACE was common to the Jews. Paul brings them both together.
Paul includes these two words, sometimes adding the word MERCY, in each of his thirteen epistles.
The order is important, it is always GRACE then PEACE.
Peace is that which flows from Grace...
Grace is the unmerited favor of God to man. But it is more than that. It is the bestowal of favor where there should be
wrath. It is grace given to those who are not only undeserving but deserving of the opposite, judgment.
Grace then is not aided by merit or hindered by demerit.
Peace is a condition not a feeling.
Romans 5:1 "Therefore having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ."
The condition is constant, the feeling of peace may come and go.
We have a sense of the condition of peace even when the feeling is absent.
This peace is not from man but from a divine source - from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 1:8-17: PAUL'S PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP TO THE GENTILES
In verses 1-7 Paul established his official relationship to the church as an apostle of Jesus Christ. Now he establishes
his personal relationship to these believers in Rome.
These verses might be seen as six windows into Paul's heart. How he felt about them and his ministry.
Each window is introduced by a verb phrase: ROMANS,