ROMANS, Lesson 1 Romans 1:29
being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are
BEING FILLED is a perfect participle that points to a fixed condition.
The word ALL goes with the first four nouns:
Unrighteousness: As with verse 18 this is the acts of sins against others.
Wickedness: This is evil that desires to influence others with evil.
Greed: Basic meaning is to desire more. Not just with money but with anything in which man desires more and more as a result
of not being satisfied with what he has.
Evil: The desire to injure and retaliate, to harm others for the supposed harm they have inflicted upon you.
With the words FULL OF, it is as if Paul draws a breath and says from these four conditions that fill man you have the
following list of sins.
Now whenever a list of sins is given in the scriptures Commentators try to arrange the list, categorizing the sins. But
they usually fail. Because sins by their very nature are disorderly and irrational.
Slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,
Without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;
So we have seventeen (17) sins listed:
These are applied to the unbeliever, but we have similar lists applied to the believer:
I Corinthians 6:9-10, Do you not know that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither
fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards,
nor revilers, nor swindlers, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:19-21 Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery,
enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things
like these, of which I forewarn you just as I have forewarned you that those who practice such things shall not inherit the
kingdom of God.
I want you to notice that is every list of sins we have some things that are extreme and yet also some things that some
people might think are rather minor.
Romans 1: Boastful, disobedient children, unloving
I Corinthians 6: Covetousness, getting drunk
Galatians 5: Jealousy, envy, disputes, carousing
I do not think that any of us can read these lists and exclude ourselves. To a perfectly righteous God, any sin is abhorrent
ROMANS, Lesson 1
It further explains the nature of the offense.
It reaffirms the grounds of God's condemnation
It vindicates the severity of God's punishment of man's perversion
"Who is blessed forever, amen". Reminds us of the eternal nature of God. These other things are temporal, they do not last,
Now, look at the results in terms of personal immorality.
For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which
There is a word here that is not translated. It is the word EVEN, "For even their women..."
The last ones in a society to usually be effected by decaying morality are women. By using this illustration Paul is saying
all virtue is gone.
The "natural" use is the relationship of man and woman. The use that is "against nature" is lesbianism.
This is the female expression of degrading passions.
In these two verse Paul uses ARSJN for men and QALUS for women. These are not nouns, they are descriptive adjectives which
describe not the gender but the drive of a person. The same sexual drive that is described in animals by these two terms.
And in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another,
men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.
Paul affirms that male homosexuality is also unnatural and then goes a step further in saying that it consists of indecent
It is an error or aberration and receives due penalty:
The word DUE PENALTY involves justice, receiving what one deserves.
NOW WITH THESE TWO SINS I want us to be careful:
The old saying hate the sin and not the sinner must be applied.
We as Christian people must not become homophobic, we must not hate the homosexual, just stand against what they do.
The only hope for the homosexual is the same hope for the adulterer, the thief, the slanderer. Jesus Christ provides salvation
and the Spiritual life for the ones who are saved.
Christians are very good at becoming hate mongers, and we must not allow that to happen. There are many homosexual men
and lesbian women who are very aware of their lack of fulfillment and are receptive to the truth of God if it is expressed
with the love of Christ.
We will see in verses 28-32 that the expressions of abandoning God and His truth are not always cultic depravity and sexual
immorality. This rejection can also find its expression in sins.
And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things
which are not proper,
The contrast is to the ones who, in verses 22-23, exchanged the glory of God for an image. Here we have the ignoring of
God, not seeing fit to acknowledge Him.
The words ANY LONGER are not there. The translator stretched them out from the infinitive but that is a little too much
of a stretch.
These are those who ignore God, who act as though he does not exists or matter. While the application could also be to
the believer, Paul is dealing with the unbeliever who does not know God.
RESULT OF THEIR SELF IMPOSED IGNORANCE: God gave them over to a depraved mind.
The result is that they do that which is not proper or fitting. ROMANS, Lesson